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Medical and Research Library News - September 2021

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External links to other sites are intended to be informational and do not have the endorsement of the Texas Department of State Health Services. These sites may also not be accessible to people with disabilities. The links were working at the time they were created.

Training opportunities
Websites and reports on trending topics
Journal articles of note           

September 2021          

Training opportunities

Note: The following webinars and online classes are not affiliated with DSHS or the DSHS Library. They are presented here as opportunities to learn more information of interest to public health personnel. All times listed are in Central Daylight Time.

September 9, 2021; 11 a.m.-12:45 p.m. Technology & data in 2030. Join this webinar from The New England Journal of Medicine to learn about hurdles that health care organizations have faced in realizing the promise of technology and data and how to extract value from those costly investments, connections between more accurate data collection and patient-centered care, and strategies that must be implemented to ensure technology supports health care providers. https://events.catalyst.nejm.org/events/technology-data-in-2030?promo=OCFE9216&query=marcom&utm_source=nejmlist&utm_medium=email&utm

September 9, 2021; 1-2 p.m. Vaccines and safe injection practices for community health centers (HRSA). This webinar will provide an overview of standards related to vaccinations programs as well as an overview of the CDCs vaccination toolkit. It will also discuss considerations for COVID-19, the impact it has had on other disease vaccination timelines, and the Influenza rates in 2020. Hosted by the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care (AAAHC). https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/2269742059823834640

September 9, 2021; 2-3 p.m. The critical role of monoclonal antibodies as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. This webinar from the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) will share the latest information on the available COVID-19 therapeutics and address important updates such as the efficacy of the medications, new administration routes and novel treatments in the pipeline, fee reimbursement resources, provider and patient tools and fact sheets, and much more. https://naccho.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_5V3zxRpsQ_S-fQX7kmnaoQ

September 15, 2021; 11 a.m.-12 p.m. Imagining the future of neuromodulation: New applications to treat disease and enhance health. As our knowledge of the intricate workings of the human nervous system has grown, so has our ability to modulate its activity using precisely targeted, externally generated signals. Together with this increased knowledge have come advances in technology—particularly in miniaturization, wireless communication, and battery-power density—that have enabled the engineering of sophisticated implantable devices to control neural activity. This webinar from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) will discuss the development and application of these technological advances and their potential to profoundly improve the quality of life of patients with neurological challenges. https://www.science.org/content/webinar/imagining-future-neuromodulation-new-applications-treat-disease-and-enhance-health

September16, 2021; 12-1 p.m. Managing water risk in the "new normal." Throughout the last year, building owners and managers have been pulled into many different priorities. With building occupancies continuing to change, it is important to ensure the health and safety of building occupants through proper management of water systems. During this webinar federal public health partners will share trends, recommendations, and resources for building water safety. Additionally, industry partners will share observations and lessons learned for building water management. Presented by the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO).

Websites and reports on trending topics

The Community Guide: The Guide to Community Preventive Services - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) is a collection of evidence-based findings of the Community Preventive Services Task Force. It is a resource to help you select interventions to improve health and prevent disease in your state, community, community organization, business, healthcare organization, or school. https://www.thecommunityguide.org/

Facts and Comparisons - This resource provided by the DSHS library offers detailed information on prescription, over-the-counter and even herbal medicines. It includes the same information as the Physician’s Desk Reference, provided by the manufacturers, but it also compares drugs within a class, such as the different antibiotics. It gives dosage information, adverse effects, has patient information sheets, and more. http://online.factsandcomparisons.com/

Responding to COVID-19 from local, regional and global perspectives: Challenges and solutions - This special issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) aims to provide a broad range of examples focusing on temporal dynamics, clinical and psychosocial aspects, environmental factors, and socioeconomic determinants of COVID-19. https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/COVID-19_Global 

Journal articles of note

Erickson TA, Mayes B, Murray KO, Gunter SM. The epidemiology of human ehrlichiosis in Texas, 2008-2017 [published online ahead of print, 2021 Jul 12]. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2021;12(6):101788. doi:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101788 
Tick-borne diseases in the United States, including ehrlichiosis, represent a growing public health problem. The purpose of this study was to examine the contemporary epidemiology of human ehrlichiosis in Texas by analyzing cases reported to the Texas Department of State Health Services. In Texas, 101 cases of ehrlichiosis were reported during 2008-2017. We observed geographic grouping of cases as well as an increasing trend of reported cases occurring annually from 2009 to 2017. Notably, 27 cases occurred in 2008 in south Texas with unique patient characteristics in that they were younger, less likely to be hospitalized, and presented with disease earlier in the year than typically seen. Our findings highlight the importance of disease awareness and prevention of tick bites as well as further investigation into transmission risk and future disease patterns.

Guerrero CD, Hinojosa S, Vanegas D, et al. Increasing public health mosquito surveillance in Hidalgo County, Texas to monitor vector and arboviral presence. Pathogens. 2021;10(8):1022. Published 2021 Aug 13. doi:10.3390/pathogens10081022
From 2016 to 2018, Hidalgo County observed the emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) infections along with sporadic cases of Dengue virus (DENV) and West Nile virus (WNV). Due to the emergence of ZIKV and the historical presence of other mosquito-borne illnesses, Hidalgo County obtained funding to enhance mosquito surveillance and educate residents on arboviruses and travel risks. During this time period, Hidalgo County mosquito surveillance efforts increased by 1.275%. This increase resulted in >8000 mosquitoes collected, and 28 mosquito species identified. Aedes aegypti, Ae albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus made up approximately two-thirds of the mosquitoes collected in 2018 (4122/6171). Spatiotemporal shifts in vector species composition were observed as the collection period progressed. Significantly, temperature variations (p < 0.05) accounted for associated variations in vector abundance, whereas all other climate variables were not significant.

Ihongbe TO, Olayinka PO, Curry S. Association between bully victimization and vaping among Texas high school students [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 26]. Am J Prev Med. 2021. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2021.06.004
Introduction: Bullying and vaping among adolescents in Texas is a major public health concern. Bully victimization has been associated with substance use in adolescents; however, research examining the association between bully victimization and vaping in adolescents is sparse. This study aims to examine the independent association between bully victimization and vaping among Texas high school students.
Methods: Pooled data from the 2017 and 2019 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N=3,486) were analyzed in July 2020. Past-year bully victimization was categorized into 4 mutually exclusive groups: no bully victimization, school bully victimization only, cyberbully victimization only, and both school bully and cyberbully victimization. Current vape use was measured as a binary variable. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association.
Results: In the total sample, the past-year prevalence of school bully victimization only, cyberbully victimization only, and both school bully and cyberbully victimization was 8.3%, 4.6%, and 7.7%, respectively. Approximately 1 in 7 students (14.5%) reported vaping during the past 30 days. Female students who experienced both school bullying and cyberbullying had 68% greater odds of vaping than female students who did not experience bullying (AOR=1.68, 95% CI=1.02, 3.41). Bully victimization was not significantly associated with vaping in male students.
Conclusions: Female Texas high school students who are victims of both school bullying and cyberbullying have a greater likelihood of vaping. Healthcare providers, school counselors, and educators should be aware of the association and sex differences that exist while developing intervention programs to address bullying and vaping in high school students.

McCormick DW, Richardson LC, Young PR, et al. Deaths in children and adolescents associated with COVID-19 and MIS-C in the United States [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 12]. Pediatrics. 2021. doi:10.1542/peds.2021-052273
Objective: To describe the demographics, clinical characteristics, and hospital course among persons <21 years of age with a SARS-CoV-2-associated death.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series of suspected SARS-CoV-2-associated deaths in the United States in persons <21 years of age during February 12–July 31, 2020. All states and territories were invited to participate. We abstracted demographic and clinical data, including laboratory and treatment details, from medical records and entered them into an electronic database.
Results: We included 112 SARS-CoV-2 associated deaths from 25 participating jurisdictions. The median age was 17 years (interquartile range 8.5-19 years). Most decedents were male (71, 63%), 31 (28%) were Black (non-Hispanic) persons, and 52 (46%) were Hispanic persons. Ninety-six decedents (86%) had at least one underlying condition; obesity (47/112, 42%), asthma (33/112, 29%), and developmental disorders (25/112, 22%) were most commonly documented. Among 69 hospitalized decedents, common complications included mechanical ventilation (45/60, 75%), acute respiratory failure (51/62, 82%), and acute renal failure (21/62, 34%). The sixteen (14%) decedents who met multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) criteria were similar in age, gender, and race/ethnicity to decedents without MIS-C, and 11/16 (69%) had at least one underlying condition.
Conclusion: SARS-CoV-2-associated deaths among persons <21 years of age during February–July 2020 occurred predominantly among Black (non-Hispanic) and Hispanic persons, males, and older adolescents of all races/ethnicities. The most commonly reported underlying conditions were obesity, asthma, and developmental disorders. Decedents with COVID-19 disease were more likely than those with MIS-C to have underlying medical conditions.

Norkin SK, Benson S, Civitarese AM, et al. Inadequate engagement in HIV care among people with HIV newly diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease: A multijurisdictional analysis. Sex Transm Dis. 2021;48(8):601-605. doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001381
Background: A key challenge of HIV surveillance-based HIV care reengagement is locating people living with HIV (PLWH) who seem to be out of care to reengage them in care. Providing reengagement services to PLWH diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD)-individuals who are in jurisdiction and connected to the health care system-could be an efficient means of promoting HIV treatment and reducing HIV transmission.
Methods: Early and late syphilis (ES/LS) and gonorrhea (GC) cases diagnosed in 2016 and 2017 in Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Texas were matched to each state's HIV surveillance data to determine the proportion of PLWH with these infections who (1) did not have evidence of a CD4 count or viral load in the prior ?13 months (out of care) or (2) had a viral load ?1500 copies/mL on their most recent HIV RNA test before STD diagnosis (viremic).
Results: Previously diagnosed HIV infection was common among persons diagnosed with ES (n = 6942; 39%), LS (n = 4329; 27%), and GC (n = 9509; 6%). Among these ES, LS, and GC cases, 26% (n = 1543), 33% (n = 1113), and 29% (n = 2391) were out of HIV medical care or viremic at the time of STD diagnosis.
Conclusions: A large proportion of STD cases with prior HIV diagnosis are out of care or viremic. Integrating relinkage to care activities into STD partner services and/or the use of matching STD and HIV data systems to prioritize data to care activities could be an efficient means for relinking patients to care and promoting viral suppression.

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Last updated November 8, 2021